The Lake District is actually a large region located in the mountainous area of North West England (Cumbria). Before going, you should know that the mountains there are referred to as fells. Whereas fells was meant as grazing land in the past, it has come to mean any high ground in North West England, thus a hill may be a fell, or a mountain may be a fell. The 19th century poet William Wordsworth wrote a tremendous amount of his poetry about the Lake District. Scafell Pike is the highest mountain there and that is also where the longest and deepest lakes can be found, Windermere and Wastwater respectively.
The area does boast some major settlements such as Bowness-on-Windermere, Ambleside, Windermere and Keswick all of which are within the boundaries of the national park. Outside the national park are assorted towns, villages, hamlets and even many isolated farmstead, all of which play an important role as a component of the tourist economy of the area. Many of the smaller communities are served by a very intricate network of minor roads, but road growth is certainly not in the best interest of the Lake District. After all, its main attraction is to commune with nature.
Seasonal passenger ferries are available in Ullswater, Derwent Water and Coniston Water. All together, there are 92 different lakes to be found in the Lake District. There are plenty of Lake district hotels as well as bed and breakfasts and self catering accommodations.
How the Area was Formed
The major valleys and lakes are said to have been formed by repeated glaciations. Geologists speak of approximately 2 million years for the Lake District to become what it is today. The higher fells in the Lake District ordinarily have rocky ground, but when a lower altitude is encountered, the ground may be in the form of moorland or even boggy. There is a lot of rainfall in the lower areas, but even when the higher slopes receive rain, the native oaks as well as the conifers allow the rainwater to be driven below.
Lakeland Fells and Valleys
There are a number of valleys known specifically by their names. For instance there is Borrowdale, Derwent, Buttermere, Lorton Vale, Ennerdale, Wasdale, Eskdale and Dunnerdale valleys, moving counterclockwise from the North. Other valleys are known as Kentmere, Longsleddale, Haweswater, and finally Ullswater. The high fells, going from the lowest to the highest are named Skiddaw, Helvellyn, Scafell and finally Skafell Pike which has a 3,210 ft. elevation.
What to Do In Lake District
Whether you are a child or an adult, Mother Nature calls to you from here. Gardens are everywhere, blossoming with magnolias, rhododendrons, camellias, euphorbia, and azaleas. The lakes themselves abound with fish, and everywhere you turn are awe-inspiring vistas. Swifts, martins and swallows build nests and give song, while badgers, rabbits, foxes and deer move through the forests. There are boats of all kinds, some large and some that only fit one human being on the lakes. Swimming is everywhere, as are bicycles and horseback riding.